Orthodontics is the branch of dentistry that deals with tooth and jaw disorders and their correction. There are different reasons for the formation of these disorders. The most important factor is genetics. It is highly likely that the same jaw structure will be seen in the child of a parent with a prolapsed mandible or missing teeth.
Environmental factors also have a great effect on the formation of orthodonticdisorders. For example, thumb sucking, long-term use of pacifiers, continuous mouth breathing due to nasal congestion may cause orthodontic anomalies in children in the growth and development period.
Early loss of milk teeth is another factor that causes deterioration of tooth alignment. The healthiest thing is for these teeth to wobble and fall out when the time comes.
The first orthodontic control is recommended around the age of 6-7 when the front teeth begin to change. Some disorders can be corrected more easily when intervened at an early age, and some disorders can be prevented from occurring. Even if the incisors have come out properly, it is recommended to do 6-month routine controls. It is observed whether the tooth changes are smooth or not, and if there is caries, it can be detected and treated early.
Orthodontic treatment is a treatment that can be applied at any age as long as there are healthy jawbones and teeth. The aim of these treatments is to achieve an aesthetic smile, to provide a proper chewing-speaking function, to correct the tooth alignment and to allow the teeth to be cleaned easily.
When orthodontic disorders are not corrected, adverse forces that may occur during chewing can cause abrasions on the teeth and tissue damage in the surrounding tissues of these teeth.
After active orthodontic treatment, the protection and sustainment process begins. Retainers are of 2 types, movable and fixed. Fixed retainer is applied by bonding of wires to the back surfaces of the anterior teeth in a way that is not visible. It remains in the mouth of the patient for a long time. Movable retainers are usually applied with transparent aligners that are worn at night. At the end of the treatment, the type of retainer is selected according to the patient’s needs.
Regardless of orthodontic treatment, it would be appropriate to go to a dentist every 6 months for healthy teeth.
If you are experiencing one of the complaints mentioned in the article or if you want your teeth to look more aesthetic, you can benefit from tools such as wire, bracket, clear aligners (invisalign) used in orthodontic treatment, so you can have an aesthetic smile. Feel free to contact us for detailed information. In addition you can make an appointment with our clinic doctors and be examined.